Ants of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park (Tennessee and North Carolina)
Joe A. MacGown and JoVonn G. Hill

The Great Smoky Mountains National Park, located in the southern Appalachian Mountains in Tennessee and North Carolina, includes over 800 square miles of mostly wooded habitat. The park is extraordinarily diverse in its flora and fauna and over 10, 000 species are known to occur there, and it is estimated that another 90,000 species possibly live there. In an effort to catalog species found in the park, scientists are collecting and documenting the inhabitants of the park through a large project entitled the "All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory (ATBI)". Ants are among the many organisms being surveyed for; and currently, 108 species are known to occur in the park. The list below includes species that were documented to occur in the park by various earlier researchers (see literature cited), the ATBI staff and scientists involved in collections, and by collections made by Mississippi Entomological Museum (MEM) Staff.

Smoky Mountains

Ants of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park (Species are arranged taxonomically by genus)

Family Formicidae
Subfamily Dolichoderinae
Tribe Dolichoderini
Dolichoderus mariae Forel (TN)
Dolichoderus plagiatus (Mayr) (NC, TN)
Dolichoderus taschenbergi (Mayr) (TN)
Dorymyrmex bureni (Trager) (TN)
Forelius mccooki (McCook) (TN)
Tapinoma sessile (Say) (NC, TN) (pest)

Subfamily Formicinae
Tribe Lasiini
Lasius alienus (Foerster) (NC, TN) (introduced?)
Lasius claviger (Roger) (NC, TN)
Lasius flavus (Fabricius) (TN) (introduced?)
Lasius interjectus (Mayr) (TN)
Lasius latipes (Walsh) (?)
Lasius nearcticus Wheeler ( TN)
Lasius neoniger Emery (NC, TN)
Lasius speculiventris Emery (TN)
Lasius subglaber (Emery) (TN)
Lasius umbratus (Nylander) ( NC, TN)

Nylanderia faisonensis (Forel) (NC, TN)
Nylanderia parvula (Mayr) (TN)

Nylanderia terricola (Buckley) ? (NC) (pest)
Nylanderia vividula (Nylander) (NC)
Prenolepis imparis (Say) (NC, TN) (pest?)

Tribe Plagiolepidini
Brachymyrmex depilis Emery (NC, TN)   

Tribe Camponotini
Camponotus americanus Mayr (NC, TN) (pest)
Camponotus caryae (Fitch) (TN) (pest)
Camponotus castaneus (Latreille) (TN) (pest)
Camponotus chromaiodes Bolton (NC, TN) (pest)
Camponotus mississippiensis Smith (?)
Camponotus nearcticus Emery (NC, TN) (pest)
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (DeGeer) (NC, TN) (pest)
Camponotus snellingi Bolton (?)
Camponotus subbarbatus Emery (NC, TN) (pest)

Tribe Formicini
Formica aserva Forel (TN)
Formica biophilica Trager(TN)
Formica difficilis Emery(TN)
Formica dolosa Buren(TN)
Formica exsectoides Forel(TN)
Formica fusca Linnaeus(TN)
Formica incerta Buren (NC)
Formica integra Nylander(NC, TN)
Formica neogagates Emery (TN)
Formica obscuriventris Mayr(NC)
Formica pallidefulva Latreille(TN)
Formica querquetulana Kennedy and Dennis(Smoky Mountains, state unknown)
Formica rubicunda Emery(TN)
Formica subintegra Wheeler(TN)
Formica subsericea Latreille (NC, TN)

Subfamily Ecitoninae
Tribe Ecitonini

Neivamyrmex carolinensis (Emery) (TN)
Neivamyrmex nigrescens (Cresson) (TN)

Subfamily Amblyoponinae
Tribe Amblyoponini
Stigmatomma pallipes (Haldeman) (NC, TN)

Subfamily Ponerinae
Tribe Ponerini

Brachyponera chinensis
(Emery) (NC)
Hypoponera opacior
(Forel) (TN)
Pachycondyla gilva(Roger) (TN)
Ponera pennsylvanica Buckley (NC, TN)

Subfamily Proceratiinae
Tribe Proceratiini

Proceratium croceum (Roger)(TN)
Proceratium pergandei (Emery)(TN)
Proceratium silaceum Roger (NC, TN)

Tribe Dacetini
Strumigenys clypeata Roger (NC, TN)
Strumigenys creightoni Smith (TN)
Strumigenys laevinasis Smith (TN)
Strumigenys ohioensis Kennedy & Schramm ( NC, TN)
Strumigenys ornata Mayr ( NC, TN)
Strumigenys pergandei Emery (NC, TN)
Strumigenys pulchella Emery (TN)
Strumigenys reflexa Wesson & Wesson (TN)
Strumigenys rostrata Emery (NC, TN)
Strumigenys talpa Weber (TN)

Tribe Attini
Trachymyrmex septentrionalis (McCook) (TN)

Tribe Stenammini
Stenamma brevicorne (Mayr) ( NC)
Stenamma diecki Emery(NC, TN)
Stenamma impar Forel (NC, TN)
Stenamma meridionale Smith (NC)
Stenamma schmittii Wheeler (NC, TN)

Tribe Solenopsidini
Monomorium minimum (Buckley)(NC, TN) (pest)
Solenopsis carolinensis Forel (?)
Solenopsis invicta Buren (NC, TN) (introduced, pest)
Solenopsis molesta (Say) (NC, TN) (pest)

Tribe Myrmicini
Myrmica fracticornis Forel(TN)
Myrmica latifrons Starcke(NC, TN)
Myrmica pinetorum Wheeler(NC)
Myrmica punctiventris Roger(NC, TN)
Myrmica scabrinodis Nylander?? (Smoky Mountains, state unknown) (introduced)
Myrmica sculptilis Francoeur(Smoky Mountains, state unknown)
Myrmica spatulata Smith (NC, TN)

Tribe Tetramoriini
Tetramorium caespitum (Linnaeus) (TN) (introduced?, pest)

Tribe Pheidolini
Aphaenogaster ashmeadi Emery (TN)
Aphaenogaster carolinensis Wheeler(NC, TN)
Aphaenogaster fulva Roger(NC, TN)
Aphaenogaster lamellidens Mayr(TN)
Aphaenogaster picea (Wheeler)(TN)
Aphaenogaster rudis Enzmann( NC, TN)
Aphaenogaster tennesseensis (Mayr)(TN)
Aphaenogaster treatae Forel(TN)
Pheidole bicarinata Mayr(TN) (pest?)
Pheidole dentata Mayr(TN) (pest?)
Pheidole dentigula Smith(TN)
Pheidole morrisi Forel (TN)

Tribe Crematogastrini
Crematogaster ashmeadi Mayr (TN) (pest)
Crematogaster cerasi (Fitch)(NC, TN)
Crematogaster lineolata (Say)(TN) (pest)
Crematogaster minutissima (Mayr) (TN)
Crematogaster missuriensis Emery( TN)
Crematogaster pilosa Emery (TN) (pest)

Tribe Formicoxenini
Temnothorax curvispinosus (Mayr) (NC, TN)
Temnothorax longispinosus (Roger) ( NC, TN)
Temnothorax pergandei (Emery) (TN)
Temnothorax schaumii (Roger) (TN)
Temnothorax smithi (Baroni Urbani) (TN)

Tribe Myrmecinini
Myrmecina americana Emery (NC, TN)


Literature Cited

Cole, A. C.  1940. A guide to the ants of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park Tennessee.  The American Midland Naturalist 24: 1-88.

Cole, A. C. 1953. A checklist of ants of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science. 28: 34-35.

Pfitzer, D.W. 1950. Checklist of the ants of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

Snyder, K.D. 1957. A checklist of insects of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Montreat College, Montreat, NC. 78pp.