Ants of Tennessee (species list) [Tennessee Pest Ants] [Tennessee Exotic Ants]
Joe MacGown

The following list of ant species includes 131 species plus the hybrid fire ant, Solenopsis invicta x richteri. This species is based on literature records, personal communication with various ant researchers, preliminary results of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory (ATBI), and from specimens in the the Mississippi Entomological Museum (MEM). Although A. C. Cole (1940) studied the ants of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park in Tennessee, a comprehensive list documenting the species of ants for the entire state of Tennessee is unavailable. Cole reported finding 86 species of ants in the Smokies, however, several of his names were lost due to synonymy. Other species have been reported in various other studies or taxonomic treatments of specific groups.

Specimens from Cole's publication were not examined, although the scientific names have been updated. In some cases, it was impossible to know exactly what species was reported, and only a genus name followed by sp. is given.

Clicking on a species name will lead to a page with further information and photographs of that species. Although species pages are at various levels of progress, most pages now have representative photographs of at least workers of the species. In addition to the photographs of ants taken by Joe MacGown at the Mississippi Entomological Museum (MEM), many photos are used, with permission, from AntWeb, a web site about ants of the world with amazing photos. Another site with photographs of ants is "Discover Life." The Discover Life site provides a list of North American ants with photos at "Kinds of Ants, Ants of North America Page". On each individual MEM species page, a link is provided (at the bottom of the page) for that species on both the AntWeb site and the Discover Life ant site.

The list presented is arranged by subfamily, tribe, and genus according to Bolton (2014).For species that are introduced or considered to be pest species, that designation is given following the species name. For species whose origin is uncertain, the word "introduced" is followed by the "?" symbol. Similarly, for questionable pest species, the word "pest" is followed by the "?" symbol. Pest species include species that are considered to be serious pests, in that they may cause significant damage or health problems, to mild, nuisance pests.

Family Formicidae
Subfamily Dolichoderinae
Tribe Dolichoderini
Dolichoderus mariae Forel [ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Dolichoderus plagiatus (Mayr) [ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Dolichoderus pustulatus Mayr [MEM]
Dolichoderus taschenbergi (Mayr) [ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Dorymyrmex bureni (Trager)) [MEM]
Forelius mccooki (McCook) [MEM]
Linepithema humile (Mayr) (introduced, pest)
Tapinoma sessile (Say) (pest)
[MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]

Subfamily Formicinae
Tribe Lasiini
Lasius alienus (Foerster) [MEM; ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Lasius claviger (Roger) [ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Lasius flavus (Fabricius) [ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Lasius interjectus (Mayr) [ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Lasius latipes (Walsh) [Smith, 1979]
Lasius nearcticus Wheeler [ATBI; Cole, 1940; Smith, 1979]
Lasius neoniger Emery [MEM; ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Lasius speculiventris Emery [ATBI; Pfitzer, 1950]
Lasius subglaber (Emery) [Smith, 1979]
Lasius umbratus (Nylander)
[MEM; ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Nylanderia faisonensis (Forel) [MEM; Trager, 1984]
Nylanderia parvula (Mayr) [ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Nylanderia terricola (Buckley) (pest) [MEM; Trager, 1984]
Nylanderia vividula (Nylander) (introduced?, pest) [MEM]
Prenolepis imparis (Say) (pest?)
[MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]

Tribe Plagiolepidini
Brachymyrmex depilis Emery [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]

Tribe Camponotini
Camponotus americanus Mayr (pest) [MEM; ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Camponotus caryae (Fitch) (pest) [ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Camponotus castaneus (Latreille) (pest) [MEM; ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Camponotus chromaiodes Bolton (pest) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Camponotus decipiens Emery (pest) [MEM; Dennis, 1938]
Camponotus mississippiensis Smith [ATBI; Dennis, 1938]
Camponotus nearcticus Emery (pest) [MEM; ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Camponotus obliquus Smith [MEM]
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (DeGeer) (pest) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Camponotus snellingi Bolton (pest)
[MEM: Dennis, 1938]
Camponotus subbarbatus Emery (pest) [MEM; Snelling, 1988]

Tribe Formicini
Formica aserva Forel [ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Formica biophilica Trager [MEM; Trager et al., 2007]
Formica difficilis Emery [ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Formica dolosa Buren [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Formica exsectoides Forel [ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Formica integra Nylander [MEM]
Formica neogagates Emery [ATBI]
Formica pallidefulva Latreille [MEM; ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Formica rubicunda Emery [ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940; Smith, 1979]
Formica subaenescens Emery [Dennis, 1938]
Formica subintegra Wheeler [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940; Smith, 1979]
Formica subsericea Say
[MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]

Subfamily Dorylinae
Neivamyrmex carolinensis (Emery) [ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940; Smith, 1979]
Neivamyrmex nigrescens (Cresson) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940; Smith, 1979]
Neivamyrmex opacithorax (Emery)
[Smith, 1979]

Subfamily Amblyoponinae
Tribe Amblyoponini
Stigmatomma pallipes (Haldeman)
[MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]

Subfamily Ponerinae
Tribe Ponerini

Brachyponera chinensis
(Emery) (introduced, pest) [Nelder et al., 2006]
Cryptopone gilva (Roger) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940; Smith, 1979]
Hypoponera opacior (Forel) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Ponera exotica Smith
[MEM]
Ponera pennsylvanica Buckley
[MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]

Subfamily Proceratiinae
Tribe Proceratiini

Proceratium chickasaw de Andrade [MEM; Baroni Urbani and de Andrade, 2003]
Proceratium crassicorne Emery [MEM; Baroni Urbani and de Andrade, 2003]
Proceratium croceum (Roger) [ATBI; Cole, 1940; Baroni Urbani and de Andrade, 2003]
Proceratium pergandei (Emery) [ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940; Baroni Urbani and de Andrade, 2003]
Proceratium silaceum Roger
[MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940; Baroni Urbani and de Andrade, 2003]

Subfamily Myrmicinae
Tribe Myrmicini
Myrmica americana Weber [Smith, 1979]
Myrmica fracticornis Forel [ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Smith, 1979]
Myrmica incompleta Provancher [Dennis, 1938-reported as M. rubra brevinodis Emery]
Myrmica latifrons Starcke [ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Myrmica pinetorum Wheeler [MEM; Dennis, 1938]
Myrmica punctiventris Roger [MEM; ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Myrmica spatulata Smith
[MEM; ATBI; Smith, 1979]

Tribe Stenammini
Aphaenogaster ashmeadi Emery [ATBI; Cole, 1940; Smith, 1979]
Aphaenogaster carolinensis Wheeler [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Aphaenogaster fulva Roger [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Aphaenogaster lamellidens Mayr [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Aphaenogaster picea (Wheeler) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Aphaenogaster rudis Enzmann [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Aphaenogaster tennesseensis (Mayr) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Aphaenogaster texana Wheeler ?? [Cole, 1940]
Aphaenogaster treatae Forel ) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Stenamma diecki Emery [MEM; ATBI; Cole, 1940; Smith, 1957]
Stenamma impar Forel [ATBI; Sanders, 2004]
Stenamma meridionale Smith
[ATBI]
Stenamma schmittii Wheeler
[MEM; ATBI; Smith, 1979]

Tribe Solenopsidini
Monomorium destructor (Jerdon) (introduced, pest-probably only in heated buildings) [Creighton, 1950]
Monomorium minimum (Buckley) (pest) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Monomorium pharaonis (Linnaeus) (introduced, pest) [Dennis, 1938]
Solenopsis carolinensis Forel [MEM; ATBI; Pacheco, 2007]
Solenopsis invicta Buren (introduced, pest) [MEM; ATBI]
Solenopsis invicta x richteri (introduced, pest) [MEM]
Solenopsis molesta (Say) (pest) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940; Pacheco, 2007]
Solenopsis pergandei Forel [MEM]
Solenopsis picta Emery [MEM]
Solenopsis richteri Forel (introduced, pest) [MEM]
Solenopsis tennesseensis Smith [Pacheco, 2007]
Solenopsis texana Emery
[Pacheco, 2007]

Tribe Attini
Pheidole bicarinata Mayr (pest?) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940; Smith, 1979]
Pheidole crassicornis Emery [ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940; Smith, 1979]
Pheidole dentata Mayr (pest?) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Pheidole dentigula Smith [MEM; ATBI; Cole, 1940; Smith, 1979]
Pheidole morrisi Forel [ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Pheidole pilifera (Roger) [MEM]
Pheidole tysoni Forel
[MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Pheidole sp.-01 [MEM]
Strumigenys angulata Smith [MEM]
Strumigenys abdita
Wesson & Wesson [Bolton, 2000]
Strumigenys cloydi (Pfitzer) [Bolton, 2000]
Strumigenys clypeata Roger [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940; Bolton, 2000]
Strumigenys creightoni Smith [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940; Bolton, 2000]
Strumigenys dietrichi Smith [MEM; Dennis, 1938; Bolton, 2000]
Strumigenys laevinasis Smith [MEM; MEM, Bolton, 2000]
Strumigenys louisianae Roger
[MEM; Dennis, 1938; Bolton, 2000]
Strumigenys metazytes (Bolton) [Bolton, 2000]
Strumigenys ohioensis Kennedy & Schramm [MEM; ATBI; Cole, 1940; Bolton, 2000]
Strumigenys ornata Mayr [MEM; ATBI; Pfitzer, 1950; Bolton, 2000]
Strumigenys pergandei Emery [MEM, Bolton, 2000]
Strumigenys pilinasis Forel [Bolton, 2000]
Strumigenys pulchella Emery [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Pfitzer, 1950]
Strumigenys reflexa Wesson & Wesson [ATBI; Pfitzer, 1950; Bolton, 2000]
Strumigenys rostrata Emery [MEM, ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Pfitzer, 1950; Bolton, 2000]
Strumigenys talpa Weber [MEM; ATBI; Pfitzer, 1950]
Trachymyrmex septentrionalis (McCook) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]

Tribe Crematogastrini
Crematogaster ashmeadi Mayr (pest) [MEM; ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Crematogaster cerasi (Fitch) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938]
Crematogaster lineolata (Say) (pest) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Crematogaster minutissima Mayr [ATBI]
Crematogaster missuriensis Emery [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Crematogaster pilosa Emery (pest)
[MEM; ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Myrmecina americana Emery [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Temnothorax curvispinosus (Mayr) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Temnothorax longispinosus (Roger) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Temnothorax pergandei (Emery) [MEM; ATBI; Dennis, 1938; Cole, 1940]
Temnothorax schaumii (Roger) [MEM; ATBI; Cole, 1940]
Temnothorax smithi (Baroni Urbani)
[ATBI; Pfitzer, 1950]
Temnothorax tuscaloosae (Wilson) [MEM]
Tetramorium caespitum (Linnaeus) (introduced, pest) [MEM]

Literature Cited

Baroni Urbani, C. and M. L. de Andrade. 2003.  The ant genus Proceratium in the extant and fossil record (Hymenoptera:  Formicidae). Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Monografie 36:  1 - 480. 

Bolton, B. 2000.  The Ant Tribe Dacetini.  Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute.  Vol. 65, part 1-2. 

Bolton, B. 2014. An online catalog of the ants of the world. Available online: http://www.antweb.org/world.jsp (accessed 31 October 2014).

Cole, A. C.  1940. A guide to the ants of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park Tennessee.  The American Midland Naturalist 24: 1-88.

Creighton, W.S. 1950: The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104: 1-585.

Dennis, C. A. 1938. The distribution of ant species in Tennessee with reference to ecological factors. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 38: 267-308.

Gibbs, M. M. 2003. Ground-inhabiting ants collected in a mixed hardwood southern Appalachian forest in eastern Tennessee. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science.

Martelli, G. M., M. M. Ward, and A. M. Fraser.  2004.  Ant diversity sampling on the southern Cumberland Plateau:  A comparison of litter sifting and pitfall trapping.  Southeastern Naturalist 3: 113-126. 

Nelder, M. P., E. S. Paysen, P. A. Zungoli, and E. P. Benson. 2006. Emergence of the introduced ant Pachycondyla chinensis (Formicidae: Ponerinae) as a public health threat in the southeastern United States.

Pfitzer, D.W. 1950. Checklist of the ants of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

Smith, M. R. 1957. Revision of the genus Stenamma Westwood in America north of Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The American Midland Naturalist 57: 133-174.

Snelling, R. R. 1988.  Taxonomic notes on Nearctic species of Camponotus, Subgenus Myrmentoma (Hymenoptera:  Formicidae).  pp. 55-78 in J.C. Trager (ed). Advances in Myrmecology. E.J. Brill: New York, New York, USA.

Trager, J. C. 1984.  A revision of the genus Nylanderia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the continental United States. Sociobiology 9:  49-162. 

Trager, J. C. 1988. A revision of the Conomyrma (Hymenoptera: Fomicidae) from the southeastern United States, especially Florida, with keys to the species. Florida Entomologist 71: 11-29.

Trager, J. C., J. A. MacGown, and M. D. Trager. 2007. Revision of the Nearctic endemic Formica pallidefulva group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae). In: Snelling, R. R., P. S. Ward, and B. L. Fisher (editors), Advances in ant systematics. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80: 610-636.