Grasshoppers of Florida (species list)
JoVonn Hill


The grasshopper fauna of Florida is the most well studied of any state in the Southeast.  Numerous grasshopper taxonomist and ecologist have spent time researching the states diverse and unique fauna.  At present, 94 taxa have been documented from in Florida, putting it just ahead of Georgia for the highest diversity in the region. Thrity-four of these taxa are considered endemic to Florida, although several groups such as the Melanoplus puer species group and the genus Aptenopedes contain several subspecies and are in need of revision.  Additionally, eight species are can be considered near endemics as they are found only in Florida or southern Georgia and/or Alabama.  The high rate of endemism in this region is a result of changes in sea level that isolated species for periods of time. 

Capinera et al. (2001) is a good general guide to the fauna of the state.
 
As part of an ongoing study of the grasshopper fauna of the southeastern U.S., reliable literature records were gathered to identify what species had been previously documented from each state. The annotated list below contains 94 taxa that have been documented in Florida followed by whether specimens from the state are present in the Mississippi Entomological Museum (MEM) and the literature records documenting the species in the state. This list will be updated with more literature and species records as the fauna of Florida is studied more intently and to reflect taxonomic changes. 

The list is currently arranged taxonomically by subfamily and then alphabetically within each subfamily.  Taxonomy follows Eades et al. (2010).

Gomphocerinae
Achurum carinatum (Walker): MEM, Scudder 1878, Rehn and Hebard 1904, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1912, Davis 1915, Hebard 1915, Hebard 1916, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Strohecker 1939, Friauf 1953, Otte 1981, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Amblytropidia mysteca (Saussure): MEM, Scudder 1878, Rehn and Hebard 1904, Morse 1904b, Davis 1915, Hebard 1915, Hebard 1916, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, Otte 1981, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Dichromorpha elegans (Morse): Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Davis 1915, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, Otte 1981, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Dichromorpha viridis  (Scudder): MEM, Scudder 1878, Morse 1904b, Davis 1915, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953,USDA 1956, Otte 1981, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Erritettix obscurus (Scudder): Scudder 1878, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1912, Hebard 1915, Hebard 1916, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Otte 1981, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Mermiria bivittata (Serville): Morse 1904b, Blatchley 1920, USDA 1957, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Smith et al. 2004
Mermiria intertexta Scudder: Hebard 1916, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Strohecker 1939, Friauf 1953, Otte 1981, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Mermiria picta (Walker): MEM, Morse 1904b, Davis 1915, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, Otte 1981, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Orphulella pelidna (Burmeister): MEM, Scudder 1878, Rehn and Hebard 1904, Rehn and Hebard 1912, Davis 1915, Hebard 1915, Hebard 1916, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, USDA 1957, Otte 1981, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Syrbula admirabilis (Uhler): MEM, Morse 1904b, Davis 1915, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Strohecker 1939, Friauf 1953, USDA 1957, Otte 1981, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004


Acridinae
Metaleptea brevicornis (Johannson): MEM, Morse 1904b, Davis 1915, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Strohecker 1939, Friauf 1953, Otte 1981, Peck et al. 1992, Donato and Cigliano 2000, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004

Oedipodinae
Arphia granulata (Sassure): Saussure 1884, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1912,  Davis 1915, Hebard 1915, Hebard 1916, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, Otte 1984, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Arphia sulphurea  (Fabricius): MEM, Rehn and Hebard 1904, Blatchley 1920, Otte 1984, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Smith et al. 2004
Arphia xanthoptera (Burmeister): Morse 1904b, Davis 1915, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Otte 1984, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Chortophaga austrailor Rehn & Hebard: MEM, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1911, Rehn and Hebard 1912, Davis 1915, Hebard 1915, Hebard 1916, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, Otte 1984, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Dissosteira carolina  (Linnaeus): Scudder 1878, Morse 1904b, Davis 1915, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, USDA 1956, Otte 1984, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Hippiscus ocelote (Saussure): Scudder 1878, Morse 1904b, Davis 1915, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, USDA 1956, Otte 1984, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Pardalophora phoenicoptera (Burmeister): MEM, Hebard 1915, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, USDA 1957, Otte 1984, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Psinidia fenestralis (Serville): MEM, Scudder 1878, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1912, Davis 1915, Hebard 1915, Hebard 1916, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, Otte 1984, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Spharagemon bolli Scudder: MEM, Morse 1904b, Blatchley 1920, USDA 1957, Otte 1984, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Smith et al. 2004
Spharagemon crepitans (Saussure): Davis 1915, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, Otte 1984, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Spharagemon cristatum (Scudder): MEM, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Davis 1915, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, USDA 1957, Otte 1984, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Spharagemon marmorata picta (Scudder): MEM, Scudder 1877, Scudder 1878, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1910,Davis 1915, Hebard 1915, Hebard 1916, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, Otte 1984, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002
Trimerotropis maritima (Harris): Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1910,Davis 1915, Hebard 1915, Hebard 1916, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, USDA 1957, Otte 1984, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001,Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004


Leptysminane
Leptysma marginicollis (Serville): Scudder 1878, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1904, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1912, Davis 1915, Hebard 1915, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, Rehn and Eades 1961, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Stenacris vitreipennis (Marschall): Scudder 1878, Hebard 1915, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Friauf 1953, Rehn and Eades 1961, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001,Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004


Cyrtacanthacridinae
Schistocerca alutacea Harris: Morse 1904b, Friauf 1953, Hubbell 1960, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004, Song 2004
Schistocerca americana (Drury): MEM, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1904, Rehn and Hebard 1912, Davis 1915, Hebard 1915, Hebard 1916, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, USDA 1957, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Schistocera ceratiola Hubbell and Walker: MEM, Hubbell and Walker 1928, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Schistocerca damnifica (Saussure): MEM, Rehn and Hebard 1912, Davis 1915, Hebard 1915, Hebard 1916, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Schistocerca obscura (Fabricius): Rehn and Hebard 1910, Davis 1915, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, USDA 1957, Song 2004 Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Schistocerca rubiginosa (Harris): Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, Hubbell 1960, Smith et al. 2004, Song 2004


Melanoplinae
Aptenopedes aptera aptera Scudder: Scudder 1878, Rehn and Hebard 1912, Hebard 1916, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Hebard 1936, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004, Capinera et al. 2001
Aptenopedes aptera coquinae Hebard: Hebard 1915, Hebard 1936, Strohecker 1939
Aptenopedes aptera saturiba Hebard: Hebard 1936, Friauf 1953
Aptenopedes aptera simplex Hebard: Hebard 1936
Aptenopedes hubbelli Hebard: Hebard 1936, Strohecker 1939
Aptenopedes nigropicta Hebard: Hebard 1936
Aptenopedes robusta Hebard: Hebard 1936
Aptenopedes sphenariodes apalachee Hebard: Rehn and Hebard 1904, Hebard 1936, Friauf 1953
Aptenopedes sphenarioides clara Rehn: Rehn 1902, Rehn and Hebard 1912, Hebard 1915, Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Hebard 1936
Aptenopedes sphenarioides sphenarioides Scudder: Scudder 1878, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Hebard 1937
Eotettix palustris Morse: Morse 1904a, Morse 1904b, Blatchley 1920, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004, Smith et al. 2004
Eotettix pusillus Morse: MEM, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Strohecker 1939, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Smith et al. 2004
Eotettix signatus Scudder: MEM, Scudder 1897, Hebard 1916, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Strohecker 1939, Friauf 1953, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Gymnoscirtetes morsei Hebard: Hebard 1918, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Smith et al. 2004
Gymnoscirtetes pusillus Scudder: MEM, Scudder 1897, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1904, Davis 1915, Hebard 1916, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Hesperotettix floridensis Morse: MEM, Morse 1901, Morse 1904b, Davis 1915, Blatchley 1920, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001,Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004.
Hesprotettix gemmicula Hebard: Hebard 1918, Blatchley 1920, Peck et al. 1992
Hesperotettix osceola Hebard: Hebard 1918, Blatchley 1920, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Hesperotettix viridis pratensis Scudder: MEM, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Friauf 1953, USDA 1956, Peck et al. 1992, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus adelogyrus Hubbell: Hubbell 1932, Friauf 1953, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus apalachicolae Hubbell: MEM, Hubbell 1932, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus bispinosus Scudder: Capinera et al. 1997, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus bonita Otte: Otte 2012
Melanoplus carrabellae Otte: Otte 2012
Melanoplus childsi Otte: Otte 2012
Melanoplus davisi Hebard: MEM, Hebard 1918, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus decoratus Morse: MEM,
Melanoplus forcipatus Hubbell: Hubbell 1932, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus furcatus Scudder: Scudder 1897, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Smith et al. 2004, Otte 2012
Melanoplus gurneyi Strohecker:  Strohecker 1960, Capinera et al. 2001, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus impudicus Scudder: Gurney 1941, Friauf 1953, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus indicifer Hubbell: Hubbell 1932, Hubbell 1933, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus keeleri keeleri (Thomas): MEM, Thomas 1874, Davis 1915, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus kissmmee Otte: Otte2012
Melanoplus nanciae Deyrup: Deyrup 1996, Capinera et al. 2001, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus ordwayae Deyrup: Deyrup 1996, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus peatus Otte: Otte 2012
Melanoplus peninsularis Hubbell:  Hebard 1915, Hubbell 1932 , Otte 2012
Melanoplus propinquus Scudder: MEM, Scudder 1897, Morse 1904b, Davis 1915, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Strohecker 1939, Friauf 1953, USDA 1956, Dakin 1985. Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus puer (Scudder): MEM, Scudder 1878, Rehn and Hebard 1912, Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Hubbell 1932, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004, Otte 2012
Melanoplus punctulatus arboreus Scudder: MEM, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus punctulatus punctulatus (Scudder): Peck et al. 1992
Melanoplus pygmaeus Davis: MEM, Davis 1915, Blatchley 1920, Hubbell 1932, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus quercicola Hebard: MEM, Hebard 1918, Peck et al. 1992
Melanoplus querneus Rehn and Hebard: MEM, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus rotundipennis (Scudder): MEM, Scudder 1878, Morse 19094b, Davis 1915, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Hubbell 1932, Friauf 1953, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus sanguinipes vulturnus Gurney and Brooks: MEM, Morse 1904b, USDA 1957, Gurney and Brooks 1959, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus scapularis Rehn and Hebard: MEM, Hubbell 1932, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus scudderi scudderi (Uhler): Davis 1915, USDA 1957, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus sebringi Otte: Otte 2012
Melanoplus seminole Hubbell: Hubbell 1932, Otte 2012
Melanoplus strumosus Morse: MEM, Morse 1904a, Morse 1904b, Hubbell 1932, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus symmetricus Morse: Morse 1904a, Strohecker 1939, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Smith et al. 2004, Otte 2012
Melanoplus tepidus Morse: Capinera et al. 2001, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus tequestae Hubbell: Hubbell 1932, Peck et al. 1992, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Capinera et al. 2001
Melanoplus withlacoocheensisi Squitier and Deyrup: MEM, Squitier et al. 1998, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Melanoplus zento Otte: Otte 2012
Paroxya atlantica Scudder: Scudder 1877, Scudder 1878, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1904, Rehn and Hebard 1912, Davis 1915, Hebard 1915, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Paroxya clavuliger (Serville): Thomas 1874, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1904, Davis 1915, Hebard 1916, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004
Paroxya paroxyoides (Scudder): Scudder 1878, Rehn and Hebard 1912
Paroxya recta Scudder: Scudder 1878


Romaleidae
Romalea microptera (Beauvois): MEM, Scudder 1878, Morse 1904b, Rehn and Hebard 1910, Rehn and Hebard 1912, Davis 1915, Hebard 1916, Rehn and Hebard 1916, Blatchley 1920, Friauf 1953, Rehn and Grant 1959, Rehn and Grant 1961, Peck et al. 1992, Capinera et al. 2001, Squitier and Capinera 2002, Smith et al. 2004


Literature Cited

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Capinera, J. L., C. W. Scherer, and J. M. Squirier. 2001. Grasshoppers of Florida. University of Florida Press. Gainsville. 143pp.

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LAST UPDATED 2-2013